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Dark Spots on the Face: Why they Appear and How to Remove Them

The spots on the face are usually the biggest concern when it comes to taking care of the appearance of our face. And it is not for less, since they are the sign of aging that adds more years to the look, even more than wrinkles and sagging.

Fortunately, the vast majority are harmless and represent an aesthetic problem. But in case of any doubt or complication, it is best to go to the dermatologist to make a good diagnosis.

We will see why these spots appear and how we can remove them, so they do not disfigure our faces.


Why do Spots Appear on the Face?

The spots on the face are irregularities that occur in the color of the skin, mainly caused by an excess or defect in the production of melanin, which is the natural pigment that gives color to the skin and protects it from solar radiation. This gives rise to two types of stains:


Stains Produced by Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation appears when there is an excess in the production of melanin, and it manifests itself on the skin in the form of dark spots of different sizes and shapes. Among the most common are:

  • Freckles
  • Sun spots (solar lentigo)
  • age spots
  • Melasma
  • Moles

Stains Produced by Hypopigmentation

On the contrary, hypopigmentation occurs when there is a lack or defect in the production of melanin; in this case, the spots that appear are white. An example of this kind of spot would be pityriasis alba or those caused by vitiligo.


What causes Spots on the Face

The alteration in the production of melanin and, consequently, the appearance of spots on the face can be caused by various factors. Among the most common are the following:

  • Sun overexposure without protection
  • Age
  • Hormonal changes (pregnancy, taking contraceptives, menopause, stress…)
  • Genetic factors
  • skin infections
  • injuries
  • Medicines

As you can see, many factors can cause the appearance of spots on the skin. Therefore, you must take all possible measures to prevent its formation.


6 Measures to Prevent Spots on the face

Because prevention is always better than cure, you must take into account these prevention measures to avoid, as far as possible, the appearance of spots on the face.

Use sunscreens – Spots on the face

They are the best weapon you have to prevent spots on the face. Prolonged exposure to solar radiation without protection is the leading cause of the appearance of sites on the skin.

Cleanses and moisturizes the skin

In addition to protecting your skin from the sun, spots on the face you should not forget that hydration and good daily facial hygiene are essential to prevent premature aging and keep your skin healthy and healthy.

Wear Hats or Caps

Just as you protect your eyes with sunglasses, spots on the face it is also essential that you cover your face with a hat or cap, especially during the most intense hours of the sun. It will help you avoid forming spots and wrinkles on the front.

Eat a Healthy Diet

Besides being varied, ensure that your diet has a good supply of antioxidant foods (kiwis, avocados, carrots, spinach, apricots, oranges, tomatoes…). These foods help hydrate the skin and protect it from premature aging.

Do not smoke – Spots on the face

Tobacco causes premature skin aging (spots, dehydration, accentuation of wrinkles…)

Be Careful with Photosensitizing Drugs

These medications have active ingredients that make the skin more sensitive to sun exposure. They can be found in anti-inflammatory drugs, gastric protectors, oral contraceptives, acne treatments, antidepressants…

If you have to stay in the sun and take any medication of this type, it is better to consult your doctor to clear up doubts and avoid skin injuries.


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